Buddha said: “I consider the positions of kings and rulers as that of dust motes. I observe treasures of gold and gems as so many bricks and pebbles. I look upon the finest silken robes as tattered rags. I see myriad worlds of the universe as small seeds of fruit, and the greatest lake in India as a drop of oil on my foot. I perceive the teachings of the world to be the illusion of magicians. I discern the highest conception of emancipation as a golden brocade in a dream, and view the holy path of the illuminated ones as flowers appearing in one’s eyes. I see meditation as a pillar of a mountain, Nirvana as a nightmare of daytime. I look upon the judgment of right and wrong as the serpentine dance of a dragon, and the rise and fall of beliefs as but traces left by the four seasons.”
The universe inarguably transcends its apparent ‘parts’. Any thing existing ‘outside’ or separate from the universe is irrelevant, because by definition any thing existing outside of the universe could not affect the universe, and thus for all intents and purposes does not exist.
The notion of a personal god fails because it is based upon a fallacious concept regarding the apparent cause/effect nature of reality, namely that individual, separate causes exist.The conceptualizing manner of human cognition is necessarily dualistic, which leads to a kind of ‘reification’ fallacy wherein we mistakenly treat our abstractions as if they were, in essence, real, separate ‘things’, rather than referents.While it may be argued that our cognitive skills serve as a marvelously effective survival adaptation, the mechanistic universe model of cause/effect relationships between separate objects and entities has serious, and perhaps fatal, flaws.
Reality may more accurately be considered as a constantly evolving process consisting of a vast array of interdependent sub-processes, in which no independent entity can be found.
This being the case, the idea of an external, intelligent, free-willed creator agent becomes meaningless. Every ‘thing’ simply exists, objectively only because of ‘subject’, but in reality as a manifestation of the universe. There are no ‘things’, existing; what we call ‘things’, ‘entities’ or ‘beings’ are no more than abstractions, thoughts, symbols.
What we truly are transcends concept, thought, and self, and has no need of gods.